And the Kwinana Industrial Area Integrated Assessment; Environmental, Social & Economic Impact Study is now available. The KIA Integrated Assessment, prepared by independent consultants Sinclair Knight Merz, provides a perspective on the growth of thisindustrial area. An electronic copy is available for download from www.kic.org.au .Further information inclduing about the KIC and its activities please contact Chris Oughton, KIC Director, on +61 8 9437 0162.The Kwinana industrial estate is 35 km south of Perth and 15 km south of the Fremantle port. It was established in the 1950s with an oil refinery and today has a deep-water port and extensive infrastructure. I
It was established with commissioning of an oil refinery in 1955 which was followed by a steel rolling mill in 1956. From 1964 through 1971, an alumina refinery, blast furnace, phosphate fertiliser plant and a nickel refinery was established. Subsequent investment is limited and today, land availability is restrained, including from residential development. The synergy of industry in the area is low by international standards though perhaps the highest in the country.
It's integration is shown in the FLOWCHART.
Activities include the processing of oil, gas, minerals, chemicals, heavy engineering and general industry. A nickel refinery is operated by WMC.
In April 2002, Rio Tinto announced the construction of a new (HIsmelt) iron project.
It has 1180 hectares of which
80 per cent is occupied including by Alcoa with an alumina
refinery, Cockburn Cement, BP oil
refinery and Wesfarmers CSBP with ammonia
fertiliser production. The adjoining East Rockingham industrial estate
has 1150 hectares largely vacant. It is 100 km north of the Kemerton
|BP Refinery (Kwinana)|
The petroleum refinery (located about one kilometre from the straddle plant at Kwinana operated by Wesfarmers) 138 000 bbls per day capacity.
It also produces;
|60 000 (63 000 in 1996) tonnes of saturated C3 which is sold in the open market as LPG;|
|80 000 (95 000 in 1996) tonnes of unsaturated C3 which is polymerised in their catalytic polymeriser (installed 1986) to fuel.|
|See also Australian Refineries.|
|Given the implicit lower value of unsaturated C3 to the refinery (ie. as fuel) suggests its potential for use as petrochemical feedstock for acrylic acid or polypropylene.|
Chemeq Ltd is establishing a 20 tpa polyacrolein plant using propene (polypropylene grade) which is supplied as a 5 per cent solution for internal intestinal veterinary use.
Company (and their URLs)
|Acrylic polymers (flocculants)||Ciba Specialty Chemicals; Ondeo Nalco|
|Alumina||Alcoa of Australia Ltd|
|Alumina - hydrated||Alcoa of Australia Ltd|
|Alumina - fused||Australian Fused Materials|
|Aluminium chemicals||Coogee Chemicals Pty Ltd|
|Ammonia||Wesfarmers CSBP Ltd|
|Ammonium chloride||Coogee Chemicals|
|Ammonium nitrate||Wesfarmers CSBP Ltd|
|Gases - industrial||Air Liquide W.A. Ltd|
|Lime||Cockburn Cement Ltd|
|Metham sodium||Nufarm Ltd|
|Phosphate fertiliser||Wesfarmers CSBP|
|Sodium cyanide||Australian Gold Reagents (AGR)|
|Titanium dioxide chemicals||Tiwest Joint Venture|
|Zirconium chemicals||Hanwha Advanced Ceramics Australia Pty Ltd|
|Zirconia fused||Australian Fused Materials|